Once considered to be a problem plaguing the West, infertility is rising alarmingly among urban Indian couples.
Health experts say that the gravity of the problem can be gauged by the fact that almost one in five couples in the metros have trouble conceiving on their own and need treatment.
“I get about 10-15 women in my OPD on a daily basis, who are unable to conceive. Our IVF centre is one of the busiest. In most cases, late marriage is a major contributing factor,” said a senior gynaecologist at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, requesting anonymity.
The peak fertility of girls is between 18 years and 25 years, and it is not unusual for girls to get married nowadays in their late 20s or 30s, by when there is already a significant decline in their fertility.
“Women lose fertility every month because of the falling egg reserve in their ovaries. Besides, gynaecological conditions such as uterine fibroids wherein tumours develop within the womb, become increasingly common when the first pregnancy is delayed to 30s that add to the problem,” said Dr Renu Misra, clinical director, obstetrics and gynaecology, in-charge IVF unit, Sitaram Bhartia Institute of Science and Research.
The problem of infertility, particularly in India, is perceived more of a female problem, but experts say that men are responsible for this problem, either solely or partly in almost half the cases.
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